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Chinese Language
Sketch of Chinese Dialect
Chinese language, also known as Chinese, other names have Mandarin, Tang, Chinese, Tang also if so-called Chinese. Analysis of Chinese language is Sino-Tibetan languages, are tonal. Writing system of Chinese characters is a Logogram, also ideographic and phonetic features with some. Includes written and spoken Chinese of two parts. Ancient writing known as classical Chinese, modern written Chinese generally refers to Modern Standard Chinese. Many modern Chinese dialects, some of the big differences between the dialects spoken, but written language is relatively uniform.
Chinese Study Adviser
Language Overview
Chinese Language, that is the common language of the Han nationality, is one of the world's major languages, is the world's largest number of language use. Chinese Language is a Sino-Tibetan language, is the most important language in the language. In addition to China, Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR and Taiwan Province of China outside the Chinese also located in the Republic of Singapore, Malaysia and other countries. National People's Congress of Chinese natives are about 1.4 billion (3000 million as a second language). Chinese Language is one of the working languages of the United Nations.
Standard language of Chinese to the north in recent centuries based on Mandarin, Northeastern Mandarin to assist the gradual formation. Its voice to ring clear and true in Beijing, but not equal to the Beijing dialect, a rejection of Beijing's voice does not regulate the formation of voice phenomena. Standard language of Chinese is called Putonghua in mainland China, known as the Mandarin in Taiwan, in Singapore, Malaysia, known as the Chinese. In the broad sense, refers to the Han Chinese as the main language, narrow sense refers to Mandarin, in addition to Mandarin, Mandarin, Chinese and Science that such names are in Chinese. There is no doubt that Chinese is the world's largest number of language use, the world's approximately 1 / 5 of people use Chinese as their mother tongue. Chinese have their language around the country and has an important influence. Such as Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, have retained a large number of Chinese words and Chinese writing system by writing. Chinese is a Chinese language.
Syntax Features
Most of Chinese Language monosyllabic morpheme (hand washing │ China │ │ loss). Morpheme and the morpheme can be combined into words (Ma + Road → Open + road │ → switch off). Some morpheme itself is the word (hand washing), some morpheme is not a word, only with the composition of compounds with other morpheme (the people → people → │ lose loss). Two-syllable words in modern Chinese Language accounted for the most. Most are two-syllable word in accordance with the above-mentioned result of complex ways. Although some morpheme as a modern Chinese word can not be used alone, but sometimes borrow the words of ancient Chinese Language, they occasionally use as a word.
Text form
From the moment we can see the first batch of text information ─ ─ counting the Shang oracle bone inscriptions, Chinese Language have 3,000 years of history. Because Oracle has a very mature character writing system, we can infer the occurrence of certain characters 3000 years ago far. The development of Chinese characters can be divided into two major phases. From Oracle to Xiaozhuan is a stage; of Han Dynasty official script from the following is another stage. The former is the scope of ancient writing, which belongs to the category of modern language. Generally speaking, from the official script to use today on modern Chinese characters did not change significantly.
The world's most ancient language of the
Chinese Language is the language of the world's most ancient one, is by far the longest common language for one of the languages. The evolution of Chinese history is a very interesting question. Chinese writing system - characters, non-phonetic, not as phonetic as directly aware of the history of a word with the pronunciation. Fortunately, the characters (especially the form of sound words), poetry, rhythm Yiji on the translation of foreign names can be found in effective information.
Early Ancient Chinese Language
According to legend, when the Yellow Emperor in the original "nations", Xia country when there are 3000, 800 weekly feudal lords, and the "five-party of the people speak the same language" ("Book of North Song").
Exist in the early Zhou Dynasty Ancient Chinese Language and medium-term (11 BC to 7th century BC), written records of the Inscriptions on the bronzes, "The Book of Songs," written by, and some history books, "Book of Changes."
According to "Book of Mean" twenty-eight chapters it reads: "Today got off with the track, and the writing, line homotopy." Can be seen during the Zhou dynasty began to implement a unified language.
The early spring, found in the vassal state also recorded more than 170. To the Warring States period, the formation of "Minao", "Zhu Hou Lizheng, no unification on the King, ... ... words sound different, special forms of writing" ("Origin of Chinese Characters Syria").
100 in the writings of philosophers used to be called "elegant language" in common language. "Ya Yan," Poetry "," book ", the Executive ceremony, are also elegant language." ("The Analects of Confucius described the")
After the reunification of the Qin Dynasty, to further standardize the text to Xiaozhuan official language as an official.

Legendary inventor of Chinese characters CJ
Middle Ancient Chinese Language
Ancient Chinese Language used in Northern and Southern Dynasties, Sui, Tang and Song period (7th century AD to 10th century), can be divided into "Qieyun" (AD 601) involved early, and "Rhyme" (10th century) by the reflect late. Karlgren this stage, known as "Ancient Chinese Language."
Linguists have been able to reconstruct a more self-confident voice of Middle Chinese Language system. This evidence comes from several sources: a variety of modern dialects, phonology, and foreign language translation.
As the Indo-European languages can be reconstructed from the modern Indo-European languages, as well as by Middle Ancient Chinese Language dialect reconstruction. In addition, the ancient Chinese Language writers spent a great deal of effort to sum up the Chinese language voice system, the information is still the basis for the work of modern linguists. Finally, the Chinese voice from the translation of foreign languages learned.
Modern Chinese Language
Modern Chinese Language is among the ancient Chinese Language and modern Chinese Language literature in the vernacular, represented by the early Chinese Language.
Modern Chinese Language is the language used in the modern Chinese nation. Broad range of modern Chinese Language, including Chinese dialects, namely, the Han people in different parts of the language, these languages are Chinese, only in pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, etc. Fangmian some difference. And narrow is the modern Chinese Language means "Putonghua", or "voice for the standard pronunciation of Beijing to the north, then the basis of dialect, to a model of modern Chinese writings for the syntax of modern Chinese national language." Represent the standard Mandarin Chinese is modern China's national lingua franca.